Salford City Partnership


 

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2WPV class
2 wheeled powered vehicles class (classification or group).

A8 / Accession States
Countries that joined the European Union in 2004 - Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. See also Worker Registration Scheme (WRS).

Advanced Skills Teacher (AST)
Advanced Skills Teachers have passed a national assessment and are appointed to an AST post. They concentrate on sharing their skills, through outreach work, with teachers in their own and other schools.

Anti-social behaviour (ASB)
Behaviour such as vandalism, being rude or abusive or making too much noise, usually in a public place.

Arms Length Management Organisation (ALMO)
An ALMO is a company set up to manage and improve council housing stock. It is owned by the local authority but operates under a management agreement between it and the local authority. 

Baseline
A snapshot of the conditions in the area, for example, the literacy levels or the unemployment figures. Baselines are essential for measuring the impact of the work that we do.

Basic Skills / Skills for Life
The ability to read, write and speak in English and use mathematics at a level necessary to function at work and in society in general.

Best Value Performance Indicator (BVPI)
BVPIs were introduced in order for councils and authorities to be measured against Best Value, introduced in England and Wales in the 1999 Local Government Act by the UK Labour Government. They were a set of 90 statutory indicators developed by government departments to measure the performance of local authorities. BVPIs were replaced in April 2008 by the National Indicator Set of 198 indicators.

Black and Minority Ethnic (BME)
Black and Minority Ethnicity includes people who identify themselves as belonging to the following British and international ethnicities: Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Indian, Indian other, Chinese, Asian other, Black African, Black Caribbean, other Black background, White and Asian mixed, White and African Caribbean mixed, other mixed background and other ethnic. 

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM)
BREEAM is an environmental assessment method and rating system for buildings.  

Capacity Building
Shorthand for a wide range of support, techniques and initiatives which aim to build the capacity of individuals or organisations within communities to contribute effectively to regeneration projects.

Capital Funding
Money spent on the purchase or improvement of fixed assets such as buildings, roads and equipment.

Central Salford
'Central Salford' is the inner city area to the east of the city. Traditionally, this area experiences the most severe problems on all of the indices used to measure deprivation. Correspondingly, there have also been benefits from investment through programmes such as SRB, NRF and New Deal for Communities. Central Salford incorporates 8 wards, 6 of which are within the 10% most deprived wards nationally.

Census 2011

On 16 July 2012, the Office for National Statistics published the first release of 2011 Census data for local authority districts. The data comprised just population estimates by five year age group and sex, and counts of occupied households and short term migrants (persons from overseas who intended to stay in the UK between 3 and 12 months) at local authority district level.

From November 2012, ONS will commence the phased release of more detailed 2011 Census statistics for areas smaller than local authority districts. This will mean that further information will be available in 2013. Until such time, the current profiles will continue to present the most current information about Salford's neighbourhood populations.

Child Support Agency (CSA)
The CSA is part of the Department for Work and Pensions and is responsible for running the child support system. Their business is to assess, collect and pay child support maintenance, ensuring that parents who live apart meet their financial responsibilities to their children.

Communities of Identity / Interest
Members of a Community of Identity are those recognised as belonging to a group due to personal circumstance, for example belonging to a black or ethnic minority community, being a refugee or person seeking asylum, being disabled or identifying their sexuality as lesbian, gay, bisexual or are transgender. Members of a Community of Interest are those who elect to belong to that group, for example for learning or belonging to a local park or other interest group.

Community and Voluntary Services (CVS)
Formerly known as Salford Council for Voluntary Services, Salford Community and Voluntary Services (Salford CVS) is the sector's local infrastructure organisation providing specialist information, advice, guidance and development support for voluntary organisations, community groups, the community work of faith groups and social enterprises and community interest companies. 
 
Community cohesion
A cohesive community is one where:

Community Committee / Community Committee Area (CCA)
A committee of local people and councillors who meet to discuss issues that affect their area - each of Salford's eight neighbourhoods has a community committee. The committee is responsible for putting together a Community Action Plan (Neighbourhood Priority Plan). The eight neighbourhoods are: Claremont and Weaste, East Salford, Eccles, Irlam and Cadishead, Little Hulton and Walkden, Ordsall and Langworthy, Swinton, Worsley and Boothstown.

Community Plan / Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS)
Plans which prepare partners for improving the economic, environmental and social well-being of local areas. The 15 year (to 2024) sustainable community strategy coordinates the actions of the public, private, voluntary and community organisations that operate locally.

Community Priorities / Community Action Plan (CAP) / Neighbourhood Priority Plan
Plans developed by each of the eight community committees in Salford. The plans identify local people's priorities for their areas. These were previously known as Community Action Plans (CAP) and as Neighbourhood Priority Plans in some community committee areas.

Compact
An agreement that sets out the vision and principles governing the working relationship between Salford city council, Salford Primary Care Trust and the voluntary and community sector.

Core Strategy
This sets out the spatial vision for the city and provides a framework for development in Salford until 2027. It reflects the vision and objectives of the Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS).

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
CHD is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart and manifests itself in two main forms; angina and heart attack, and is the major cause of death in most developed countries. 

Decent Homes Standard (DHS)
The Government's definition of the minimum standard that houses owned by social landlords (housing associations and the council) should meet. A decent home is wind and weather tight, warm and has modern facilities. Non-decent homes do not meet this standard. 

Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG)
The Government department with a remit to promote community cohesion as well as responsibility for housing, urban regeneration, planning and local government.

Department for Work and Pensions(DWP)
The DWP is responsible for welfare and pension policy and is a key player in tackling child poverty.

Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT)
Decay levels in five year old children are surveyed regularly to count the number of decayed (D), missing (M) and filled (F) teeth (T) which are added together to provide a measure (DMFT) of the average severity of disease in that population.

Deprived Areas Fund (DAF)
The Department for Work and Pensions uses the DAF to support locally tailored approaches to tackling worklessness. The aim of DAF is to support increases in employment rates in those wards with the highest levels of worklessness. DAF will help to address localised worklessness by giving local budget holders the flexibility to deliver tailored support or provision to suit local needs and circumstances. 

Disability Living Allowance (DLA)
This is a tax-free benefit for disabled children and adults to help with extra costs you may have due to the disability.

Drug and Alcohol Action Team (DAAT)
The DAAT work with a range of agencies to provide drug and alcohol related community support to reduce the impact of drugs and alcohol on the community.

Early warning system
Partners IN Salford has developed a unique early warning system that will help us to monitor our strategy and its success. The system will identify the early factors that create instability in our neighbourhoods, and will enable us to intervene if required.

Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA)
EMA was a financial scheme applicable to students and those undertaking unpaid work-based learning in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland and aged between sixteen and nineteen whose parents have a certain level of taxable income. The Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) scheme in England closed to new applicants on 1 January 2011.

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
ESA provides financial help to people who are unable to work because of illness or disability.

Enabling measures
An enabling measure is something that helps an area to overcome obstacles in delivery. For example an area may want to carry forward some funds from one year to the next or request the freedom to extend the age range of children included in their Sure Start programme. Enabling measures are an opportunity to be creative and challenge the way government does things.

Entry to Employment (e2e)
e2e is intended to develop motivation and confidence. It also helps build skills that can be used in the workplace, known as ‘Key Skills' and ‘Skills for Life'.

Environmental crime
Crime against public spaces, for example, littering, fly tipping, graffiti and vandalism.

European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
A fund which aims to reduce inequalities in socio-economic development between areas by supporting infrastructure projects, job-creation investments, local development and aid for small and medium sized enterprises.

Every Child a Talker (ECAT)
ECAT is a programme designed to raise children's achievement in early language development from birth to five.

Flag 4
Used within the GP Patient register to denote people registering with a doctor for the first time since living abroad. Used as a proxy indicator of international in-migration.

Food Standards Agency (FSA)
The Food Standards Agency is an independent Government department set up by an Act of Parliament in 2000 to protect the public's health and consumer interests in relation to food.

General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) 
GCSEs assess a pupil at the end of their compulsory education (aged 16).

General Practitioner (GP)
A GP is a medical practitioner who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes, usually within the community at doctor's surgeries and practices.

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
A geographic information system is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage, and present all types of geographical data.

Government Office for the North West (GONW)
There were nine Government Offices in the UK, each working with regional partners to deliver the Government's key aims at regional level. Government Office for the North West was based in Manchester and Liverpool and all Government Offices ceased to operate at the end of March 2011.

Greater Manchester Against Crime (GMAC)
The Community Safety Partnership uses the National Intelligence
Model (known locally as the Greater Manchester Against Crime
Business Model) to analyse and understand crime and disorder patterns. The Partnership Delivery Group and the local partnership groups use this information to deliver services in the right place at the right time.

Greater Manchester Police (GMP)
GMP serves more than 2.5 million people and covers an area of 500 square miles. GMP is split into 12 divisions - Bolton, Bury, Metropolitan, North Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, South Manchester, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. There is also a specialist division based at Manchester International Airport.

Greater Manchester Waste Disposal Agency (GMWDA)
GMWDA is England's largest waste disposal authority and provide a world class environmentally sustainable solution for Greater Manchester's waste.

Health Development Agency (HDA)
The Health Development Agency was a special health authority established in 2000 to develop the evidence base to improve health and reduce health inequalities. It worked in partnership with professionals and practitioners across a range of sectors to translate that evidence into practice. As a result of the Department of Health's 2004 review of its "arms length bodies", the functions of the HDA were transferred to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) on 1 April 2005.

Healthy School Standard
A standard that is met by a school that promotes the health and well-being of its pupils and staff and encourages them to be healthy.

Homeowners Mortgage Support (HMS)
Homeowners Mortgage Support is a government-backed scheme that could help if a household has had a temporary, unexpected drop in income.

Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)
The HHSRS is a system of assessing the condition of dwellings. Its principle is that a dwelling, including its structure, means of access, any associated outbuildings and garden, should provide a safe and healthy environment for the occupants and any visitors.

Housing Market Renewal Fund
Manchester and Salford were one of nine pathfinders nationally to benefit from this funding to address housing abandonment and market collapse. This funding came to an end in March 2011.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
The virus that causes genital warts is called human papilloma virus (HPV). More than 70 different types of HPV exist. HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. 

I CAN
I CAN is a children's charity which helps and supports young people who struggle to communicate.

In education, employment or training (EET)
A young person who is in education, employment or training.

Incapacity Benefit (IB)
State benefit intended for those below the State Pension age who cannot work because of illness or disability.

Income Support (IS)
Income support is an income-related, means-tested benefit for people who are on a low income. 

Index of Multiple Deprivation
A ranking of wards and districts in England which details those areas affected by poverty and outcomes associated with poverty.

Indicators
Local authorities use performance indicators as part of performance management to assess how well services are being provided. Central government may require local authorities to demonstrate their effectiveness using national performance indicators that allow for comparisons with other local authorities.

See Partnership priorities 2014-2016

Data requirements from central government as at 11 April 2012

Jobseekers' Allowance (JSA)
JSA is a benefit paid to eligible people who are currently unemployed and looking for work.

Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
This is an analysis of the health and care needs of Salford's population, which looks forward five years. It is a requirement that every Primary Care Trust and local authority jointly undertake regular assessments. 

Key Performance Indicator (KPI)
KPIs are a type of performance measurement and are commonly used by an organisation to evaluate its success or the success of a particular activity in which it is engaged.

Key Stage (KS)
The National Curriculum is a blueprint used by schools to ensure that teaching standards are consistent. The National Curriculum defines a child's progress in four key stages:

Killed or seriously injured (KSI)
KSI is a standard measure for the total figure for people killed or seriously injured over a period of time. 

Learning and Skills Council (LSC)
The LSC was a non-departmental public body jointly sponsored by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and the Department for Children, Schools and Families in England. It closed on 31 March 2010 and was replaced by the Skills Funding Agency and the Young People's Learning Agency.

Level 2 qualification
Level 2 qualifications include GCSE grades A*-C or National Vocational Qualifications at level 2.

Level 3 qualification
Level 3 qualifications include A levels, Key Skills at level 3 and National Vocational Qualifications at level 3.

Level 4 qualification
Level 4 qualifications include Certificates of Higher Education and BTEC (Business and Technology Education Council) Professional Diplomas, Certificates and Awards.

Level 4 or above (L4+)
L4+ is the percentage of eligible pupils achieving Level 4 or above in the Key Stage 4 test. This percentage is based on all eligible pupils, including those who were absent or disapplied at the time of the test and, therefore, did not achieve a result.

Life expectancy
Life expectancy at birth is a summary measure of the mortality rates in an area in a given period. It is the average number of years a newborn baby would survive, were he or she to experience the particular area's age-specific mortality rates for that time period throughout his or her life.

Liveability
A phrase coined by the administration of former US President Bill Clinton, 'Liveability' is all about our public space and the effect it has on the quality of our everyday lives. It affects how we feel about where we live, where we work and where our children play. In Salford, the liveability agenda goes one step further than this by also encompassing the housing that people live in and important issues such as transport.

Local agenda 21
Strategies prepared by local authorities to promote sustainable development.

Local Area Agreement (LAA) / Salford Agreement
Local Area Agreements were a way of working that brought together funding streams to build a more flexible and responsive relationship between central Government and a locality, based on both national and local priorities. Local Area Agreements were abolished in March 2011.

Local Authority (LA)
Local authorities or councils provide a whole range of services, some of which are accessed by all residents and others which are specialist and targeted at those people who need them most. Salford City Council is the local authority responsible for providing services to Salford such as waste collection, street cleaning, libraries and schools to trading standards, support for businesses, planning applications, large-scale regeneration and care for the most vulnerable children and adults in our communities.

As well as directly providing lots of services, local authorities also commission services from other providers and work with a whole range of partners (for example, health providers, the private sector, the Police and the Fire Service) to make the best possible use of resources and work together to improve things for people in their area.

There are 468 councils in England and they fall into a number of different types: county councils, unitary councils, metropolitan boroughs, London boroughs and district councils. Salford is a unitary council.

Local Development Framework (LDF)
A system for planning that will replace Unitary Development Plans (UDPs). LDFs will bring together policies for the use of land with other strategies which influence the nature of places - for example, the Sustainable Community Strategy. The Core Strategy is the central document within the framework. The LDF includes a Statement of Community Involvement that sets out how local communities will be involved in the preparation of all local development documents.

Local Public Service Agreements (LPSA)
A LPSA was a voluntary agreement between the Government and an individual local authority. Under the agreement, the individual council agreed to a number of ‘stretch' targets. The council sets out how it will improve local public services and in return the Government sets out how it will reward those improvements.

These more demanding targets were rewarded through funding (pump priming money at the start, and a performance reward grant at the end) and the negotiation of additional freedoms and flexibilities (from statutory requirements or regulation).

During the 2nd Generation of Local PSAs the new Local Area Agreements (LAAs) initiative was launched. Because of the potential overlap of negotiations, Local PSAs were merged into LAAs and subsequently called the Local Area Agreement - Reward Element (LAA-RE).

Local Strategic Partnership (LSP)
A partnership that involves the public, private, voluntary and community sectors working together to improve local services. Salford's LSP is called Partners IN Salford.

Looked After Children
Children who are in need of safeguarding, are subject to care orders and are cared for by the council in foster homes, residential homes or with a relative.

Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA)
Minimum population 1000, mean population 1500. Built from groups of Output Areas. Commonly known as Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA).There are 34,378 LSOAs in England and Wales.

Mainstreaming
Re-aligning the allocation of mainstream resources - such as the police and health services - to better target the most deprived areas. 

Manchester Independent Economic Review (MIER)
The MIER is a programme which provided evidence and research on Greater Manchester's economic position to inform decision making.

Manchester Knowledge Capital
A partnership project that will help Manchester build on its reputation for creativity and knowledge, and encourage investment and development in the area.

Market Renewal Pathfinders
Pathfinder programmes established in areas, mainly in the North of England, experiencing acute low housing demand. These pathfinders bring together local authorities and key agencies to provide innovative and lasting solutions.

Mid Year Estimate (MYE)
District level mid-year population estimate, based on the previous Census and produced by the Office for National Statistics.

Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA)
Used to define a geographical area with a minimum population of 5000 and an average population of 7200. These areas build on from Lower Layer SOAs. There are 7,193 MSOAs in England and Wales.

Multi Area Agreement (MAA)
The Multi Area Agreement was an agreement between local authorities in a sub-region (for example Greater Manchester) and central government. It focused on those issues that were best tackled as a wider spatial level such as economic development, transport and climate change. The MAA stopped operating in March 2011.

Mumps, Measles and Rubella vaccination (MMR)
The MMR vaccine is an immunization shot against measles, mumps, and rubella.

National College for School Leadership (NCSL)
The NCSL was the first organisation in the world dedicated to the professional development of school leaders. NCLS support leaders through a range of strategic initiatives, leadership development programmes and policy and research activities to enable them to develop into outstanding leaders.

National Health Service (NHS)
The NHS is the world's largest publicly funded health service. The NHS was born out of a long-held ideal that good healthcare should be available to all, regardless of wealth. With the exception of charges for some prescriptions and optical and dental services, the NHS remains free at the point of use for anyone who is resident in the UK. 
NHS Salford is responsible for:

National Indicator Set (NIS)
The National Indicator Set was a suite of 198 performance indicators that were collected by partners in every local authority area and reported to central government. The NIS was abolished in March 2011.

National Insurance Number (NINo)
In order to administer the National Insurance system, a NINo is allocated to every child in the United Kingdom shortly before their 16th birthday. A number is also given to younger children for whom Child Benefit is paid. People coming from overseas have to apply for an NI number before they can qualify for benefits, though holding an NI number is not a prerequisite for working in the UK. 

National On-line Manpower Information Service (Nomis)
Nomis is a web-based database of labour market statistics by the University of Durham on behalf of the Office for National Statistics. First launched in 1981, Nomis houses an extensive range of government statistical information on the UK labour market including Employment, Unemployment, Earnings, Labour Force Survey and Jobcentre Plus vacancies.

Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET)
A young person who is not in education, employment or training. 

Neighbourhood Management
A new way of delivering services that puts the local community at the heart of decision-making, and ensures that organisations like the police, Primary Care Trust and Salford City Council work together to respond to local priorities. More about neighbourhood working in Salford.

Neighbourhood Partnership Board (NPB)
This board brings together elected members, leaders from the local community and council and other services of importance in the neighbourhood, to collaborate on delivery of services and to drive up outcomes for the neighbourhood. 

Neighbourhood Priority PlanCommunity Priorities / Community Action Plan (CAP) 
Plans developed by each of the eight community committees in Salford. The plans identify local people's priorities for their areas. These are now called Community Priorities, they were known as Community Action Plans (CAPs) and as Neighbourhood Priority Plans in some community committee areas.

Neighbourhood Renewal Fund
This fund no longer exists. It provided public services and communities in the 88 poorest local authority districts - including Salford - with extra funds to tackle deprivation.

Neighbourhood Renewal Unit (NRU)
New Commitment to Neighbourhood Renewal: A National Strategy Action Plan was launched by the Prime Minister in January 2001. The strategy sets out the Government's vision for narrowing the gap between deprived neighbourhoods and the rest of the country. At national level, the Action Plan is implemented by the Neighbourhood Renewal Unit which is part of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. At regional level, neighbourhood renewal teams have been set up in the nine government offices to provide a direct channel of communication from neighbourhood/community groups to the NRU. 

New Deal for Communities (NDC)
A Government programme to regenerate 39 very deprived areas across England over a ten-year period between 2001 and 2011. It gave some of our poorest communities the resources to tackle their problems in an intensive and co-ordinated way. The aim was to bridge the gap between these communities and the rest of England. The Charlestown and Lower Kersal NDC in Salford have produced a succession strategy and a legacy website to ensure the learning is used within the city. 

Office for National Statistics (ONS)
Office for National Statistics is the organisation responsible for collecting and publishing official statistics about the UK's society and economy, and it carries out the ten-yearly census for England and Wales.

Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted)
The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills reports directly to Parliament and is independent and impartial. Ofsted inspects and regulates services which care for children and young people, and those providing education and skills for learners of all ages.

Outcomes and outputs
Outcomes are what we achieve as a result of delivering services, for example people being healthy, staying safe or reducing crime. Outputs are what we deliver, for example healthy school meals, activities for young people or a warden scheme.

Performance Management Framework
A term which has come into common use over the past decade to describe a process for delivering improvement through the ongoing monitoring and review of performance across all aspects of activity. Now that most LSPs are firmly established, performance management has become a key priority.

Polarisation
Poor areas becoming poorer and rich areas becoming richer.

Primary Care Trust (PCT)
A Primary Care Trust manages the delivery of local health care. NHS Salford is our local PCT. In 2013 the responsibilities will shift to Hundreds Health - Salford (our local Clinical Commissioning Group) taking over most of the PCT's responsibilities from August 2013 when NHS Salford will cease to exist.

Private Finance Initiative (PFI)
The Private Finance Initiative is a procurement route established in 1995, and more widely adopted since 1997. It is an important route for government spending on assets, as it transfers significant risks to the private sector.

Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY)
The Quality Adjusted Life Year is a measure of disease burden, including both the quality and the quantity of life lived. It is used in assessing the value for money of a medical intervention.

Registered Social Landlord (RSL)
RSLs are government-funded not-for-profit organisations that provide affordable housing. They include housing associations, trusts and cooperatives. They work with local authorities to provide homes for people meeting the affordable homes criteria. As well as developing land and building homes, RSLs undertake a landlord function by maintaining properties and collecting rent.

Safer and Stronger Communities Fund (SSCF)
The Safer and Stronger Communities Fund no longer exists. It brought together various central Government funds aimed at tackling crime and anti-social behaviour and improving local environments.

Safer Food Better Business (SFBB)
Safer Food Better Business is a practical approach to food safety management. It has been developed to help small businesses put in place food safety management procedures and comply with food hygiene regulations. 

Salford Agreement / Local Area Agreement (LAA)
Local Area Agreements were a way of working that brought together funding streams to build a more flexible and responsive relationship between central Government and a locality, based on both national and local priorities. Local Area Agreements were abolished in March 2011. 

Salford City Council (SCC)
Salford City Council exists to serve its residents and provides a complete and comprehensive range of services and facilities. The council's mission statement is "to create the best possible quality of life for the people of Salford".

Many of our SCC's services are high profile, and include aspects of education, social services and health, land use planning, libraries, physical communications and community safety. Salford City Council is Salford's Local Authority.  

Salford Community Network (SCN)
Community Networks were set up across the country in 2001. They bring together a full range of community and voluntary sector organisations in an area - especially those that represent or work within deprived neighbourhoods and marginalised communities - to empower communities to play a part in local strategic partnerships.

In February 2007 the SCN for Salford was found to be ‘not fit for purpose' and activities ceased. Since then the work to support community activity in neighbourhoods, citywide groups such as Salford Disability Forum and other community and voluntary sector organisations has been the responsibility of Salford Community and Voluntary Services (Salford CVS) and Salford City Council (Equalities and Cohesion, and Neighbourhood Management Teams).

Salford West
‘Salford West' comprises the 12 remaining wards that are not classed as 'Central Salford'. Salford West is the focus of a stabilisation policy that targets action in particular neighbourhoods to prevent further decline. 

Seedley & Langworthy Trust (SALT)
The Seedley & Langworthy Trust is a community-driven development trust which operates within an inner city area of Salford still undergoing comprehensive regeneration.

Sex, Relationship and Health Education (SRHE)
SRHE aims to inform children and young people about relationships, emotions, sex and sexuality and sexual health. It enables them to develop personal and social skills and a positive attitude to sexual health and well-being.

Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)
An STI is an infection that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact. Sexually transmitted infections include AIDS/HIV, chlamydia, genital herpes and gonorrhea.  

Single Regeneration Budget (SRB)
The Single Regeneration Budget programme no longer exists. It aimed to enhance the employment prospects, education and skills of local people and to tackle the needs of communities in the most deprived areas.

Skills for Life / Basic Skills
The ability to read, write and speak in English and use mathematics at a level necessary to function at work and in society in general.

Social Enterprises / Social entrepreneurs
The equivalent of business entrepreneurs, but operating in the social, not-for-profit sector. They aim to seek new and innovative solutions to social problems.

Social exclusion
The Government has defined social exclusion as being a shorthand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown. It can also have a wider meaning which encompasses the exclusion of people from the normal exchanges, practices and rights of society. 

Special Educational Needs (SEN)
This legal definition refers to children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn or access education than most children of the same age.

Spotlight
Spotlight is a method of helping public services and communities in Salford to deliver together on key concerns for the city's people, families and communities - concerns like crime, unemployment and low skills that can affect people over many generations. 

Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR)
Standardised Mortality Ratio is a way of comparing the number of deaths that actually occur in an area with the number that would be expected for that structure of population. If the ratio is more than 100, the area has more deaths than the England average (100). If the figure is less than 100, the area has fewer deaths than the England average.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA)
Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessments are a key component of the evidence base to support the delivery of sufficient land for housing to meet the community's need for more homes. These assessments are required by national planning policy.

Strategy
A strategy sets out a broad overview and high level objectives for an area of work over several years. it sets out a vision and high level targets, which an action plan will then fill out in more detail.

Super Output Area (SOA)
England is divided up into super output areas which are small geographical areas of a consistent size. SOAs allow for more accurate reporting and comparing of statistics that ward boundaries which differ in size and can change.

Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI)
Support for Mortgage Interest is payable as part of certain income-related benefits, which may help homeowners towards their mortgage interest payments. 

Sure start
A scheme which aims to improve the health and well-being of families before and from birth, so children are ready to flourish when they go to school. The scheme sets up local programmes to improve services for families with children under four and also spreads good practice amongst everyone involved in providing services for young children. 
 
Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS) / Community Plan
Plans which prepare partners for improving the economic, environmental and social well-being of local areas. The 15 year sustainable community strategy co-ordinates the actions of the public, private, voluntary and community organisations that operate locally.

Sustainable Development
Activity which achieves economic, social and environmental benefits without compromising the needs of future generations. 

Targets and Indicators
Targets are the numeric values set against indicators used to track outcomes. For example, for an outcome of a healthy population, an indicator might be the percentage of children and young people participating in at least two hours of sport or PE per week. The target would be the actual figure to be achieved.

Third Sector or Community and Voluntary Sector
These are non-governmental, not-for-profit organisations which generally have social, environmental or culrural objectives. The term includes charities, community groups, social enterprises, co-operatives and mutuals.

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
The average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if (1) she was to experience the exact current age-specific fertility rates through her lifetime, and (2) she was to survive from birth through the end of her reproductive life.

Urban Regeneration Company (URC)
These not-for-profit companies no longer exists. The Central Salford URC was set up by Salford City Council, North West Regional Development Agency, and English Partnerships to promote development in the less prosperous central Salford area by engaging businesses in agreed physical and economic regeneration strategies. 

Whole system working
Whole system working is an approach that can give new insights and offer different solutions to complex social problems. Rather than breaking down the problem into small pieces, complex problems are considered as a set of inter-connected elements. 

Worker Registration Scheme (WRC)
Effectively, work permits issued by the Home Office to migrants from European Union Accession States 2004 to 2011. Used as a proxy indicator of international in-migration from Eastern Europe.

Working Neighbourhood teams (WNT)
Working Neighbourhood teams work with all public services in Salford. They are a ‘whole system' approach to tackling worklessness, poverty and the interlinked issues in areas suffering from high levels of deprivation. The first teams were set up in April 2009. 

World Health Organisation (WHO)
WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.  

Youth Offending Service (YOS)
YOS is made up of representatives from the Police, Probation Service, Social Services, Health, Education, Drugs and Alcohol misuse. The YOS identifies the needs of each young offender by assessing them with a national assessment. This helps to identity specific problems that make the young person offend as well as measuring the risk they pose to others. This enables the YOS to identify suitable programmes to address the needs of the young person with the intention of preventing further offending.

The aim of the Salford Youth Offending Service is to reduce offending and re-offending of young people.

This page was last updated on 18 February 2014

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