Income in East Salford
In 2011 the number of households in Salford was 101,547. The average (mean) income of households was £32,090 whilst the middle income value (median) is £25,360. However, the income of households that occurs most often (mode) is actually £12,500. These figures outline whilst some households within areas of the city earn far higher than average income the majority of Salford residents earn considerably less.
In Salford in 2008 men worked an average of 37.5 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £439.80. Woman worked an average of 35 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £287.40.
In 2009 men worked an average of 37.6 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £436.20. Woman worked an average of 32.8 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £278.
In 2010 men worked an average of 38 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £432.40. Woman worked an average of 34.1 hours per week and earned a gross weekly pay £300.60. The figures above highlight over a three year period 2008 - 2010 men actually worked on average 30 minutes more but earned £7.40 less per week. However, women actually worked on average 50 minutes less but their earnings increased by £22.60. This could be as a direct result of Equality Act 2010 including implementation of Equal pay audit - Comparing the pay of women and men, who are doing equal work in an organisation, and investigating the causes of any pay gaps by gender or working pattern. Also implementation of Equal work - A woman's work is equal to a man's in the same employment (and vice versa) if it is the same or broadly similar (like work); rated as equivalent to his work under a job evaluation scheme or if she can show that her work is of equal value to his in terms of the demands made of her (Source: Equality Act 2010).
In 2007 the average weekly gross pay was £336.30 compared to the national average of £378.10. In 2008 the average weekly gross pay was £360.20 compared to the national average of £391.40. In 2009 the average weekly gross pay was £347.40 compared to the national average of £399.60. In 2010 the average weekly gross pay was £366.60 compared to the national average of £406.70. These figures highlight Salford residents earn considerably less than the national average. In 2007 Salford residents earned £41.80 per week less, in 2008 £31.20 less, in 2009 £52.20 less and 2010 £40.10 per week less.
The gap between Salford resident's average weekly gross earnings and the national average weekly gross earnings has only reduced by 70p in four years (Source: Nomis).
In 2009 East Salford had a population of 36,360 with a working age population of 24,778. In 2011 the number of households in East Salford was 16,303 of these households 11,037 (67.7%) were living below the Great Britain median household income. This figure is much higher than Salford average 56.7%. In East Salford 5,153 (20.8%) of working age population is claiming out of work benefits compared to 17.5% for Salford and 12.1% nationally (Source: Nomis).
In East Salford the number of households in Broughton was 5,695, Irwell Riverside was 5,920 and Kersal 4,688. In East Salford the average (mean) income of households was £26,126 which is £5,964 below the figure for Salford £32,090. This highlights that East Salford has the lowest household income levels in Salford. It is £7,567 lower than the average for Greater Manchester £33, 693, £7,740 lower than the average for North West £33,866 and £9,883 per year below average household income for Great Britain of £36,009.
The middle income value (median) in East Salford is £21,146, which again is much lower than the median for Salford £25,360, Greater Manchester £26,936, North West at £27,098 and the figure for Great Britain £28,989.
Looking in greater detail into the wards within East Salford gives a clearer picture: the median income figure for Broughton is £17,772, Irwell Riverside is £21,128 and Kersal is £24,539. Whilst all three wards are below the averages for Greater Manchester, North West and Great Britain, there is a £6,767 variance between household incomes in Kersal compared to Broughton; a major factor in this variance is that large numbers of ethnic minority groups, who find it harder to gain employment through barriers such as language, skill levels, culture and faith and therefore need to claim out of work benefits, live in Broughton.
When we look at the value of income that occurs most often (mode) this figure is actually the same in all three wards £12,500 in Broughton, Irwell Riverside and Kersal compared to £17,500 figure for Greater Manchester, North West and Great Britain. However, when looking at these figures we have to take into account that there are 1,232 more households in Irwell Riverside and 1,007 more households in Broughton than Kersal. Therefore we can show that whilst all three wards fall below the income per household for Salford, regionally and nationally, Broughton has the lowest income per household in East Salford followed by Irwell Riverside then Kersal.
In East Salford the number of females aged 60 and over and men aged 65 and over claiming Pension Credit were 47.8% which is much higher than the figure for Salford of 34.5%.
In East Salford the average income per person is £11,714.
Another barrier to people earning higher income is skill levels; in Salford 56.2% or 84,750 residents have low skills.
In Broughton ward the number of people with no qualifications or level unknown is 2,761 (52.6%) compared to 42.5 % for Salford and a national figure of 35.8%. The number of people with lower level qualifications (below level 2) is 1,917 (36.5%) compared to 43.1% for Salford and a national figure of 43.9%. The number of people with higher qualifications (level 4 or above) is 567 (10.8%) which is well below the figure when compared to 14.4% for Salford and nearly 50% below the national figure of 20.4%.
In Kersal ward the number of people with no qualifications or level unknown 2,872 (37.8%) compared to 42.5 % for Salford and a national figure of 35.8%. The number of people with lower level qualifications 3,164 (41.7%) compared to 43.1% for Salford and a national figure of 43.9%. The number of people with higher qualifications is 1,559 (20.5%) which is high compared to 14.4% for Salford and slightly above the national figure of 20.4%.
In Irwell Riverside Ward the number of people with no qualifications or level unknown is 5,456 (38.3%) compared to 42.5 % for Salford and a national figure of 35.8%. The number of people with lower level qualifications is 6,414 (44.6%) compared to 43.1% for Salford and a national figure of 43.9%. The number of people with higher qualifications is 2,345 (17%) which is higher than 14.4% for Salford however the figure is well below the national figure of 20.4% (Source Nomis).
These figures show that in East Salford, Kersal ward has the highest skill level followed by Irwell Riverside ward and then Broughton ward. These higher or lower skill levels are reflected across the wards in the household income - the higher the skills level the higher the household income.
Key issues for this neighbourhood
- East Salford has a working age population of 24,778 with 5,153 (20.8%) claiming out of work benefits compared to 17.5% for Salford and 12.1% nationally.
- In East Salford the average income per person is £11,714 well below Salford, Regional and national figures.
- The numbers of black minority ethnic groups that reside within Broughton. Ethnic minority groups find it harder to gain employment through barriers such as language, skill levels, culture and faith.
- There are skills shortages across all levels against national figures however Broughton Ward and Irwell Riverside have greater skills shortages than Kersal. We need to improve the skills base if the Salford economy is to grow. Low level adult skills has a high cost for individuals, their families and communities.
- There are also employment opportunities locally at Salford Quays and MediaCity we need to ensure skills provision responsive to local employer needs and try increase employability of local residents through employer engagement through incentives for employers, individuals and providers.
Recommendations for future action and commissioning
- To increase the up take of Level 2 and Level 3.
- To empower deprived communities to drive up demand for learning.
- To 'Stem the flow' of young people becoming low skilled adults of future.
- To increase engagement, participation, retention, progression and achievement.
- To make Level 3 the level to which everyone aspires.
- To ensure skills provision responsive to local needs.
- To increase employability of local residents.
- To improve employer engagement and maximise apprenticeship opportunities.
This will be achieved by putting skills and learning at the centre of neighbourhood delivery and influencing and adding value through:
- Collaborative strategy and planning having a Joint Intelligence Hub and one partnership approach with joint investments for skills and learning plan with community voice including employers, providers and residents.
- Integrated neighbourhood delivery with community learning champions and wrap around support, extended provider network, early intervention and prevention, skills assessment.
- Employer engagement through joint employer engagement team, including 'skills broker'.
- Incentives for employers, individuals and providers and support for apprenticeships.
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- Tables, charts and maps showing information about income across the city are available.
This page was last updated on 27 January 2012